TIPS DAN TRIK MENYUSUN WH QUESTIONS DALAM BENTUK SIMPLE PAST TENSE

Ada kalanya pada saat kita berbicara dengan seseorang, kita harus melontarkan beberapa pertanyaan untuk mendapatkan beberapa informasi yang lebih spesifik yang kita perlukan.
Selain itu dengan memberikan beberapa pertanyaan akan membuat percakapan lebih mengalir dan menarik.
Beberapa jenis pertanyaan dalam Bahasa Inggris memiliki fungsi tertentu tergantung dari jawaban seperti apa yang ingin kita dapatkan.




Dimensi Bahasa Inggris | WH Questions




Jenis-jenis pertanyaan yang paling umum digunakan adalah WH Questions yang terdiri dari:
What? (Apa?)
Where? (Dimana?)
When? (Kapan?)
Why? (Mengapa?)
Who? (Siapa?)
Whom? (Siapa? [object])
Whose? (Milik siapa?)
How? (Bagaimana?)

selain itu How juga memiliki beberapa bentuk lain seperti:
How long? (Berapa lama?)
How much? (Berapa banyak? uncountable)
How many? (Berapa banyak? countable)
How often? (Berapa sering?)
How far? (Berapa jauh?)
dan sebagainya.

Seperti yang telah dijelaskan sebelumnya pada postingan berjudul RUMUS PALING JITU UNTUK MENYUSUN WH QUESTIONS DALAM BENTUK SIMPLE PRESENT TENSE bahwa untuk menyusun WH Questions kita harus memperhatikan beberapa aturan tertentu tergantung dari jenis tenses yang kita gunakan.
Pada kesempatan kali ini kita akan mencoba membahas cara menyusun WH Questions dalam bentuk Simple Past Tense.

Let's get started.

1. Kalimat tanya WH Questions dalam bentuk Simple Past Tense.

a. Kalimat verbal (mengandung kata kerja)


Catatan:
Dalam kalimat verbal kita akan menggunakan auxiliary verb (kata kerja bantu) DID. Penggunaan DID berlaku untuk Subject tunggal maupun jamak.
Kemudian pada setiap contoh kalimat yang diberikan akan ada salah satu kata yang ditandai dengan warna tertentu, dan kata tersebut yang akan menjadi jawaban dari pertanyaan WH Questions yang digunakan.


WHAT (digunakan untuk menanyakan Object, atau Tindakan)
rumus yang digunakan:
WHAT + DID + SUBJECT + VERB 1?
contoh kalimat:
Harry fixed his broken motorcycle yesterday.
Jane and James brought new guitars to the studio.
dalam bentuk WH Questions:
What did Harry fix yesterday?
What did Jane and James bring to the studio?



WHERE (digunakan untuk menanyakan tempat atau lokasi)
rumus yang digunakan:
WHERE + DID + SUBJECT + VERB 1?
contoh kalimat:
Maria sent a package to Japan last night.
Barry and his wife celebrated their anniversary in a restaurant.
dalam bentuk WH Questions:
Where did Maria send a package last night?
Where did Barry and his wife celebrate their anniversary?



WHEN (digunakan untuk menanyakan waktu)
rumus yang digunakan:
WHEN + DID + SUBJECT + VERB1 ?
contoh kalimat:
Nia met her mom in the airport two days ago.
They submitted their resume last week.
dalam bentuk WH Questions:
When did Nia meet her mom?
When did they submit their resume?



WHY (digunakan untuk menanyakan alasan)
rumus yang digunakan:
WHY + DID + SUBJECT + VERB 1+ OBJECT ?
contoh kalimat:
Carmela and Emily joined summer camp to spend their holiday.
Aishaa cried because her cat died.
dalam bentuk WH Questions:
Why did Carmela and Emily join summer camp?
Why did Aishaa cry?



WHO (digunakan untuk menanyakan orang)
Kita tidak harus menggunakan kata kerja bantu apapun.
rumus yang digunakan:
WHO + VERB 2 + OBJECT ?
contoh kalimat:
Abi gave me an advice.
Surya and Bayu left the university two months ago.
dalam bentuk WH Questions:
Who gave you an advice ?
Who left the university two months ago?



WHOM (digunakan untuk menanyakan orang terutama object)
rumus yang digunakan:
WHOM + DID + SUBJECT + VERB 1 ?
contoh kalimat:
They called the police 15 minutes ago.
He asked his father some money.
Mila taught Ardi English and Math.
dalam bentuk WH Questions:
Whom did they call 15 minutes ago?
Whom did he ask some money?
Whom did Mila teach English and Math?



WHOSE (digunakan untuk menanyakan pemilik suatu barang)
rumus yang digunakan:
WHOSE + NOUN (THING) + DID + SUBJECT + VERB + OBJECT ?

contoh kalimat:
Rizal hid Sonia's pen under the table.
Puspa and Vera cleaned Mrs. Ami's room last week.
dalam bentuk WH Questions:
Whose pen did Rizal hide under the table?
Whose room did Puspa and Vera clean last week?



HOW (digunakan untuk menanyakan cara)
rumus yang digunakan:
HOW + DID + SUBJECT + VERB 1 + OBJECT ?
contoh kalimat:
Rani took care of her father carefully and patiently.
The fishermen caught fishes by using huge net.
dalam bentuk WH Questions:
How did Rani take care of her father?
How did the fishermen catch the fishes?


Contoh lain pertanyaan How:
HOW LONG (berapa lama?) digunakan untuk menanyakan durasi waktu.
rumus:
HOW LONG + DID + SUBJECT + VERB 1?
contoh:
The flight from Japan to Jakarta took 7 hours.
dalam bentuk WH Questions:
How long did the flight from Japan to Jakarta take time?


HOW MUCH (berapa banyak?) digunakan untuk menanyakan jumlah benda / barang yang tidak dapat dihitung.
rumus:
HOW MUCH + DID + SUBJECT + VERB 1?
contoh:
I paid $. 125 for my new sneakers.
dalam bentuk WH Questions:
How much did you pay for your new snearkers?


HOW MANY (berapa banyak?) digunakan untuk menanyakan jumlah benda / barang yang dapat dihitung.
rumus:
HOW MANY + NOUN (THING) + DID + SUBJECT + VERB 1?
contoh:
My uncle had five cars in his garage.
110 people came to the town square to join the festival.
dalam bentuk WH Questions:
How many cars did your uncle have in his garage?
How many people came to the town square to join the festival?



HOW OFTEN (berapa sering?) digunakan untuk menanyakan frequency (keseringan).
rumus:
HOW OFTEN + DID + SUBJECT + VERB 1+ OBJECT ?
contoh:
Yasmin visited her grandfather three times a week.
Akira and Nobita went to the gym once a week.
dalam bentuk WH Questions:
How often did Yasmin visit her grandfather?
How often did Akira and Nobita go to the gym?



b. Kalimat Nominal (Kalimat yang tidak mengandung kata kerja)


Catatan:
Dalam kalimat nominal bentuk Simple Past Tense kita akan menggunakan To be: WAS atau WERE dengan aturan sebagai berikut:
Gunakan WAS hanya untuk subject I, HE, SHE, IT serta bentuk subject orang ke 3 tunggal lainnya. Dan gunakan WERE untuk subject jamak atau lebih dari satu.
Kemudian pada setiap contoh kalimat yang diberikan akan ada salah satu kata yang ditandai dengan warna tertentu, dan kata tersebut yang akan menjadi jawaban dari pertanyaan WH Questions yang digunakan.


WHAT (dalam bentuk kalimat nominal Simple Present Tense biasanya digunakan untuk menanyakan profesi atau status seseorang)
rumus yang digunakan:
WHAT +  TO BE Past + SUBJECT ?
contoh kalimat:
I was more than a close friend to you.
Siska and Lana were cheerleaders.
Daryl was a fire fighter.
dalam bentuk WH Questions:
What was I to you?
What were Siska and Lana?
What was Daryl?



WHERE (digunakan untuk menanyakan tempat atau lokasi)
rumus yang digunakan:
WHERE + TO BE Past + SUBJECT ?
contoh kalimat:
You were in the car when the storm came.
Her bag was on the table.
dalam bentuk WH Questions:
Where were you when the storm came?
Where was her bag?
Where is his calculator?



WHEN (digunakan untuk menanyakan waktu)
rumus yang digunakan:
WHEN + TO BE Past + SUBJECT ?
contoh kalimat:
The last world cup was in 2014.
The meeting and the party were at the same time at 8 o'clock.
dalam bentuk WH Questions:
When was the last world cup?
When were the meeting and the party?



WHY (digunakan untuk menanyakan alasan)
rumus yang digunakan:
WHY + TO BE Past + SUBJECT + OBJECT ?
contoh kalimat:
Eri and Jerry were disappointed because their favorite team lost.
Tania was upset because I didn't invite her.
dalam bentuk WH Questions:
Why were Eri and Jerry disappointed?
Why was Tania upset?



WHO (digunakan untuk menanyakan orang)
Who dapat digunakan untuk menanyakan Subject ataupun Object dari sebuah kalimat.
rumus yang digunakan untuk menanyakan Object:
WHO + TO BE Past + SUBJECT ?
contoh kalimat:
Rika and Anita were the contestants of our school.
Hendra was a good person who dedicated his life for education.
dalam bentuk WH Questions:
Who were Rika and Anita?
Who was Hendra?


rumus yang digunakan untuk menanyakan Subject:
WHO + TO BE Past + OBJECT ?
contoh kalimat:
David Beckham was the star of Manchester United in 90's.
Lena and Ahmad were the champions of English speech contest last year.
dalam bentuk WH Questions:
Who was the star of Manchester United in 90's?
Who were the champions of English speech contest last year?



WHOSE (digunakan untuk menanyakan pemilik suatu barang)
rumus yang digunakan:
WHOSE + NOUN (THING) + TO BE Past + SUBJECT + VERB + OBJECT ?
contoh kalimat:
Sonia's pen was under the table.
Mrs. Ami's clothes were dirty after the flood.
dalam bentuk WH Questions:
Whose pen was under the table?
Whose clothes were dirty after the flood?


HOW (digunakan untuk menanyakan kondisi atau situasi)
rumus yang digunakan:
HOW + TO BE Past + SUBJECT ?
contoh kalimat:
Amira's reaction about the accident was unpredictable.
The patients in the hospital were panic after the earthquake.
The toilet was dirty and smelly.
dalam bentuk WH Questions:
How was Amira's reaction about the accident?
How were the patients in the hospital after the earthquake?
How was the toilet?



Contoh lain pertanyaan How:
HOW LONG (berapa lama?) digunakan untuk menanyakan durasi waktu.
rumus:
HOW LONG + TO BE Past + SUBJECT ?
contoh:
The trip from Bandung to Jakarta was about 3 hours.
dalam bentuk WH Questions:
How long was the trip from Bandung to Jakarta about?


HOW MUCH (berapa banyak?) digunakan untuk menanyakan jumlah benda / barang yang tidak dapat dihitung.
rumus:
HOW MUCH + TO BE Past + SUBJECT  ?
contoh:
The sugar in the jar was about three spoons.
dalam bentuk WH Questions:
How much was the sugar in the jar?


HOW MANY (berapa banyak?) digunakan untuk menanyakan jumlah benda / barang yang dapat dihitung.
rumus:
HOW MANY + NOUN (SUBJECT) + TO BE Past + OBJECT ?
contoh:
There were two cats in the backyard.
3 or more passengers were still in the bus.
There was only one apple in the refigerator.
dalam bentuk WH Questions:
How many cats were in the backyard?
How many passengers were still in the bus?
How many apple in the refigerator?


HOW OFTEN (berapa sering?) digunakan untuk menanyakan frequency (keseringan).
rumus:
HOW OFTEN + TO BE Past + SUBJECT ?
contoh:
The ceremony was once in a week.
dalam bentuk WH Questions:
How often was the ceremony?


HOW FAR (berapa jauh?) digunakan untuk menanyakan jarak.
rumus:
HOW FAR + TO BE Past + SUBJECT ?
contoh:
The airport was about 5 kilometers away.
dalam bentuk WH Questions:
How far was the airport?


Semoga bermanfaat.

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