FUNGSI BERBAGAI QUESTION WORDS DAN CONTOH SOAL



A.   TUJUAN

1.       Siswa dapat memahami berbagai macam Question words
2.       Siswa dapat menggunakan Question words dalam kalimat.

B.   MIND MAPPING

Dimensi Bahasa Inggris | Question Words




C.   MATERI SINGKAT
Question Words
Kita menggunakan question words atau kata tanya untuk menanyakan pertanyaan tertentu. Kita sering menggunakan istilah WH-words karena kebanyakan kata tanya menggunakan awalah huruf W dan H. Kita lihat penjelasan di bawah untuk agar lebih jelas mengenai penggunaan masing-masing kata tanya.

1. What
Fungsi: untuk menayakan informasi tentang sesuatu, mengulangi atau mengkonfirmasi sesuatu
Contoh:
What is your name?
What? I can't hear you.

2. What...for       
Fungsi: menanyakan alasan  
Contoh:
What did you do that for?

3. When  
Fungsi: menanyakan waktu   
Contoh:
When did he leave?

4. Where 
Fungsi: menanyakan tempat atau posisi       
Contoh:
Where do they live?

5. Which 
Fungsi: menanyakan pillihan 
Contoh:
Which color do you want?

6. Who    
Fungsi: menyakan orang atau subjek
Contoh:
Who close the door?

7. Whom 
Fungsi: menanyakan yang mana seseorang sesuatu           
Contoh:
Whom did you see?

8. Whose
Fungsi: menanyakan kepemilikan     
Contoh:
Whose bag is it?

9. Why    
Fungsi: menanyakan alasan  
Contoh:
Why do you say that?

10. Why don't    
Fungsi: memberi saran          
Contoh:
Why don't you fix it yourself?

11. How  
Fungsi: menanyakan cara     
Contoh:
How does this work?
Fungsi: menanyakan kondisi 
Contoh:
How was your exam?
    
12. How + adj/adv         
Fungsi: menanyakan tingkatan

13. How far        
Fungsi: menanyakan jarak    
Contoh:
How far is Tasikmalaya from Bandung?

14. How long     
Fungsi: menanyakan panjang (waktu atau ruang)    
Contoh:
How long will it take?

15. How many    
Fungsi: menanyakan jumlah (countable noun)         
Contoh:
How many cars are there?

16. How much   
Fungsi: menanyakan jumlah (uncountable noun)     
Contoh:
How much money do you have?

17. How old        
Fungsi: menanyakan umur    
Contoh:
How old are you?

18. How come (informal)          
Fungsi: menanyakan alasan  
Contoh:
How come I can't meet her?


D.   LATIHAN SOAL 

Fill in the blank with the suitable Question Words!
1.    A: ................... do you go to bed?           
B: I go to bed at 9 o'clock in the evening.

2.    A: ................... is your English teacher? 
B: Mr. Thomas is my English teacher.

3.    A: ................... car is that?          
B: That’s my new car.

4.    A: ................... is she at the dentist today?
B: Because she has got a terrible toothache.

5.    A: ................... book is this?
B: It's her book.

6.    A: ................... is your favorite color?
B: My favorite color is black.

7.    A: ................... do you study?
B: I study in my room.

8.    A: ................... does the school start?
B: The school starts at 7 o’clock.

9.    A: ................... is Taylor Swift?   
B: She is a very famous pop star.

10.  A:...................  animal is the fastest one?
B: A cheetah is the fastest one in the world.

11.  A: ................... are you crying?
B: Because I lost my money.

12.  A: ................... do you eat for breakfast?
B: I eat fried rice.

13.  A: ................... cake do you like most? Cheese cake or chocolate cake?
B: I like chocolate cake most.

14.  A: ................... do the students go to school?
B: They go to school on foot.

15.  A: ................... does your father work?
B: He works in a hospital.

16.  A: ................... will Brenda go to Surabaya?
B: She will go there by train.

17.  A: ……………guitar is it?
B: Oh, it’s mine..

18.  A: …………… book is yours?
B: Mine is the red one.

19.  A: …………… is Indonesia located?
B: Along the equator.

20.  A: …………… do you live?
B: I live on Mawar Street.

 Arrange these words into good sentence!
21.  the - of - “Good” - is - meaning - what - ?

22.  is - who - actress - your - favorite - ?

23.  do - come - where - from - you - ?

24.  you - when - born - were - ?

25.  smiling - you - are - so - why - happily - ?

26.  do - why - late - come - you - ?

27.  what - you - do - of - think - show -the - ?

28.  will - concert - when - the - held - be - ?

29.  dress - my - what - you - do - think - of - ?

30.  was - holiday - how - your - ?

Make sentences using these question words!
31.  what

32.  where

33.  when

34.  who

35.  why

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