ADVERB (Kata Keterangan)



Adverb merupakan kata keterangan/ tambahan.
Adverb berfungsi untuk memodifikasi makna kata kerja (verb), kata sifat (adjective), atau kata keterangan (adverb) yang lain.
Umumnya adverb memiliki imbuhan berupa akhiran “-ly”, akan tetapi dalam beberapa kasus harus diuraikan terlebih dahulu untuk mencari tahu hubungan (grammatical) tata bahasanya dalam sebuah kalimat yang utuh.
Adverb juga berfungsi untuk menjawab pertanyaan seperti How, When, Where, How much, How long, etc.


Contoh:
Judith listens to her mom very carefully.
Kata “carefully” memberikan makna tambahan terhadap kata sifat “very”, kata tersebut menerangkan betapa seksamanya/ hati-hatinya Judith mendengarkan ibunya.

My uncle runs quickly.
Kata “quickly” memberikan makna tambahan terhadap kata kerja “run”, kata tersebut menerangkan bagaimana cepatnya dia berlari.

He works hard from dawn to night.
Sedangkan “from dawn to night” memberikan makna tambahan terhadap kata sifat “hard”, Kata keterangan dawn to night memberikan makna tambahan bahwa dia bekerja keras dari fajar sampai malam.
Kata “carefully”, “quickly” dan “from dawn to night” merupakan adverb.



Contoh penggunaan adverb yang lain:
Menerangkan verb
Contoh:
she speak loudly.
Tia walks quickly.



Menerangkan adjective
Contoh:
This handphone is very expensive.
This home work very difficult enough for me.
A glass of coffee is too much for me.



Menerangkan adverb
Contoh:
John worked too hard tomorrow.
The train run very quickly.
He speaks English extremly well.



Menerangkan keseluruhan kalimat
Contoh:
I love him with all of my heart.


Adverb sendiri memilik beberapa jenis, seperti berikut:

Adverb of time
Keterangan waktu

Contoh: 
She left home three days ago. 
She will come back home soon.


Adverb of place
Keterangan tempat
Contoh: 
I meet my friend at school. 
This is the city where I was born.



Adverb of number

Kata keterangan yang menunjukan frequensi sesuatu terjadi. 
Contoh: 
The comet appears once in several years. 
That poor man is always happy.

Adverb of manner
Kata keterangan yang menujukan cara. 
Contoh: 
My uncle cut the woods by an axe. 
I go to school by bus. 
Judith listens to her mom very carefully.

Adverb of degree or quantity
Kata keterangan kuantitas. 
Contoh: 
The sky is very cloudly. 
She sings pretty well.

Adverb of reason 
Kata keterangan alasan. 
Contoh: 
As he was not well, therefore he returned home.

“n’ that is end of my explanation, thanks for visiting.”

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