PENJELASAN ELLIPTICAL CONSTRUCTION BESERTA FUNGSI DAN CONTOHNYA

Elliptical Construction merupakan sebuah proses penggabungan dua buah kalimat yang memiliki predikat yang sama dengan tujuan untuk menghindari pengulangan kata sehingga kalimatnya menjadi lebih sederhana.

Ada beberapa jenis Elliptical Construction yang memiliki fungsi yang berbeda-beda.




1. Too & So


Too & So digunakan untuk menggabungkan dua kalimat positif yang setara.
Too & So memiliki arti "juga".

Supaya memudahkan dalam penggabungan dua kalimat positif yang setara, gunakan pola berikut sebagai acuan:

So

Pola untuk SO:

SENTENCE 1, + AND + SO + AUXILIARY + SUBJECT 2

Keterangan:
SENTENCE 1 = Kalimat pertama, ditulis keseluruhan kalimatnya.
AUXILIARY = Kata bantu yang merujuk pada predikat dalam kalimat. Auxiliary dapat berupa kata kerja bantu ataupun To be. Bentuknya menyesuaikan tenses yang digunakan dalam kalimat itu sendiri.
SUBJECT 2 = Subject dari kalimat ke 2.

Perhatikan contoh berikut:

Celine learns English.
I learn English.

Apabila kedua kalimat di atas digabungkan menggunakan kata "So", maka akan menjadi seperti berikut:
Untuk kalimat pertama ditulis lengkap keseluruhan kalimatnya, kemudian baru ikuti pola yang telah diberikan.

Celine learns English, and so do I.

Contoh yang lain:

Silvan goes to Mall.
Lena goes to Mall.
Silvan goes to mall, and so does Lena.


I buy souvenir from Bali.
Erika buys souvenir from Bali.
I buy souvenir from Bali, and so does Erika.


My brother wears helmet.
I wear helmet.
My brother wears helmet, and so do I.


Arif is a blogger.
Nisa is a blogger.
Arif is a blogger, and so is Nisa.


Mr. Teddy is disappointed with the services.
They are disappointed with the services.
Mr. Teddy is disappointed with the services, and so are they.


I watched football match last night.
my friend watched football match last night.
I watched football match last night, and so did my friend.


Robby has finished the job.
Reza has finished the job.
Robby has finished the job and so has Robby.


They will move to Bogor.
We will move to Bogor.
They will move to Bogor, and so will we.


I was a scout member.
Fiona and Siti were a scout member.
I was a scout member, and so were Fiona and Siti.


We were excited about the party.
She was excited about the party.
We were excited about the party, and so were we.



Too

Pola untuk TOO:

SENTENCE 1, + AND + SUBJECT 2 + AUXILIARY + TOO

Keterangan:
SENTENCE 1 = Kalimat pertama, ditulis keseluruhan kalimatnya.
AUXILIARY = Kata bantu yang merujuk pada predikat dalam kalimat. Auxiliary dapat berupa kata kerja bantu ataupun To be. Bentuknya menyesuaikan tenses yang digunakan dalam kalimat itu sendiri.
SUBJECT 2 = Subject dari kalimat ke 2.

Perhatikan contoh berikut:

Riva brings laptop.
I bring laptop.
Riva brings laptop, and I do too.


Jefri rides motorcycle to school.
Rudi rides motorcycle to school.
Jefri rides motorcycle to school, and Rudi does too.


Putri is a cheerleader.
My sister is a cheerleader.
Putri is a cheerleader, and My sister is too.


Hendra is a cheerful boy.
Taufik is a cheerful boy.
Hendra is a cheerful boy, and Taufik is too.


Nadine cleaned the classroom two days ago.
Eva cleaned the classroom two days ago.
Nadine cleaned the classroom two days ago, and Eva did too.


Martha graduated from high school last year.
Imelda graduated from high school last year.
Martha graduated from high school last year, and Imelda did too.


I was in the lift when the earthquake stroke.
He was in the lift when the earthquake stroke.
I was a in the lift when the earthquake stroke, and He was too.


She will come to the party tonight.
They will come to the party tonight.
She will come to the party tonight, and They will too.


Lita will be a college student next month.
Seno will be a college student next month.
Lita will be a college student next month, and Seno will be too.


We have paid the rent.
Our neighbor has paid the rent.
We have paid the rent, and Our neighbor has too.




2. Either & Neither


Either & Neither memiliki fungsi yang sama dengan So & Too yaitu untuk menggabungkan dua buah kalimat yang memiliki makna yang sama dengan subject yang berbeda.
Perbedaannya adalah Either & Neither digunakan untuk menggabungkan dua buah kalimat yang memiliki makna negatif.
Either & Neither sendiri memiliki arti "juga" / "pun demikian" / "demikian juga".
Beriktu penjelasan lengkapnya.

 

Either


SENTENCE 1, + AND + SUBJECT 2, AUXILIARY NOT + EITHER

Contoh:

My father doesn't like cigarette.
I don't like cigarette.
My father doesn't like cigarette, and I don't either.


Lidya doesn't drink coffee.
Harris doesn't drink coffee.
Lidya doesn't drink coffee, and Harris doesn't either.


My uncle didn't take the money from the ATM.
My aunt didn't take the money from the ATM.
My uncle didn't take the money from the ATM, and My aunt didn't either.


He won't put off the exam.
She won't put off the exam.
He won't put off the exam, and She won't either.


Reni hasn't had breakfast yet.
Resta hasn't had breakfast yet.
Reni hasn't had breakfast yet, and Resta hasn't either.


I hadn't filled the registration form.
My friend hadn't filled the registration form.
I hadn't filled the registration from, and My friend hadn't either.


Neither


SENTENCE 1, + AND + NEITHER + AUXILIARY + SUBJECT 2

Contoh:

My mom doesn't wash the clothes on Sunday.
My sister doesn't wash the clothes on Sunday.
My mom doesn't wash the clothes on Sunday, and neither does my sister.


They don't play basketball.
I don't play basketball.
They don't play basketball, and neither do I.


He didn't lend the money from the bank last July.
His brother didn't lend the money from the bank last July.
He didn't lend the money from the bank last July, and neither did His brother.


Puspa won't wait for you.
Siti won't wait for you.
Puspa won't wait for you, and neither will Siti.


You haven't read the newspaper yet.
I haven't read the newspaper yet.
You haven't read the newspaper yet, and neither have I.


They hadn't worn the uniform.
He hadn't worn the uniform.
They hadn't worn the uniform, and neither had he.




Itulah beberapa cara yang dapat kita gunakan untuk menyederhanakan dua buah kalimat yang memiliki makna yang sama.
Apabila kita ingin menggabungkan dua buah kalimat yang memiliki makna yang saling berlawanan, maka kita dapat menggunakan kata penghubung "but" yang berarti tetapi atau "while" yang berarti sedangkan.
Berikut penjelasan singkatnya.

 

3. But / While


SENTENCE 1, + BUT / WHILE + SUBJECT 2 + AUXILIARY

Contoh:

My friend joins the Math club.
I don't join the Math club.
My friend joins the Math club while I don't.


She doesn't care about you.
I care about you.
She doesn't care about you but I do.


They are not afraid of dog.
We are afraid of dog.
They are not afraid of dog, but we are.


We will celebrate our achievement.
Johanna won't celebrate our achievement.
We will celebrate our achievement, but Johanna won't.


Fauzi spent all of his money.
I didn't spend all of my money.
Fauzi spent all of his money, while I didn't.


Syira wasn't ready for the test.
Ingrid was ready for the test.
Syira wasn't ready for the test, but Ingrid was.


They have realized about the dangerous of smoking.
He haven't realized about the dangerous of smoking.
They have realized about the dangerous of smoking, but He haven't.


I had asked for help.
She hadn't asked for help.
I had asked for help, while she hadn't.




Itulah beberapa cara yang dapat kita gunakan untuk meringkas dua buah kalimat menjadi lebih sederhana.
Menggunakan bahasa yang lebih sederhana akan memberikan kesan bahwa kita memiliki keterampilan berbahasa yang lebih baik.

Untuk latihan soal dapat diakses pada link berikut:

BERBAGAI BENTUK SOAL LATIHAN ELLIPTICAL CONSTRUCTION

Mohon maaf untuk segala kekurangannya, dan terima kasih atas kunjungannya.

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