Kumpulan Soal Pilihan Ganda Report Text

Report text berisi tentang teks yang mendeskripsikan sesuatu seperti hewan, tumbuhan, atau objek lainnya. Semua hal yang dideskripsikan dalam report text merupakan deskripsi yang bersifat general dan mewakili keseluruhan dari jenis objek tersebut.


Penjelasan lengkap tentang materi Report Text dapat diakses melalui link berikut:


Berikut ini adalah contoh soal Report text dalam bentuk pilihan ganda.

DBI | Soal Latihan Report Text

Report Text Multiple Choice Test

Text for number 1-5

The bamboos are evergreen perennial flowering plants in the subfamily Bambusoideae of the grass family Poaceae. The word "bamboo" comes from the Kannada term bambu, which was introduced to English through Indonesian and Malay.

In bamboo, as in other grasses, the internodal regions of the stem are usually hollow and the vascular bundles in the cross-section are scattered throughout the stem instead of in a cylindrical arrangement. The dicotyledonous woody xylem is also absent. The absence of secondary growth wood causes the stems of monocots, including the palms and large bamboos, to be columnar rather than tapering.

Bamboos include some of the fastest-growing plants in the world, due to a unique rhizome-dependent system. Certain species of bamboo can grow 91 cm (36 in) within a 24-hour period, at a rate of almost 4 cm (1.6 in) an hour (a growth around 1 mm every 90 seconds, or 1 inch every 40 minutes). Giant bamboos are the largest members of the grass family.

Bamboos are of notable economic and cultural significance in South Asia, Southeast Asia and East Asia, being used for building materials, as a food source, and as a versatile raw product. Bamboo has a higher specific compressive strength than wood, brick or concrete, and a specific tensile strength that rivals steel.

(https://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bamboo)

1. What does the text mostly tell us about?
a. Bamboo
b. The usage of bamboo
c. The origin of bamboo
d. Plantations


2. Bamboo is a kind of .......
a. Wood
b. Grass
c. Decorative plant
d. Savanna


3. What is the main idea of paragraph 3?
a. The usage of bamboo
b. Physical description of bamboo
c. Classification of bamboo
d. Explanation of bamboo in general


4. These are the usages of bamboo according to the text, except ......
a. Musical instrument
b. Material for building
c. Food
d. Versatile raw product


5. Bamboo ca be as strong as .....
a. Steel
b. Wood
c. Brick
d. Concrete



Text for number 6-10

Known for their distinctive red fur, orangutans are the largest arboreal mammal, spending most of their time in trees. Long, powerful arms and grasping hands and feet allow them to move through the branches. These great apes share 96.4% of our genes and are highly intelligent creatures.

The name orangutan means "man of the forest" in the Malay language. In the lowland forests in which they reside, orangutans live solitary existences. They feast on wild fruits like lychees, mangosteens, and figs, and slurp water from holes in trees. They make nests in trees of vegetation to sleep at night and rest during the day. Adult male orangutans can weigh up to 200 pounds. Flanged males have prominent cheek pads called flanges and a throat sac used to make loud verbalizations called long calls. An unflanged male looks like an adult female. In a biological phenomenon unique among primates, an unflanged male can change to a flanged male for reasons that are not yet fully understood.

Bornean and Sumatran orangutans differ a little in appearance and behavior. While both have shaggy reddish fur, Sumatran orangutans have longer facial hair. Sumatran orangutans are reported to have closer social bonds than their Bornean cousins. Bornean orangutans are more likely to descend from the trees to move around on the ground. Both species have experienced sharp population declines. A century ago there were probably more than 230,000 orangutans in total, but the Bornean orangutan is now estimated at about 104,700 based on updated geographic range (Endangered) and the Sumatran about 7,500 (Critically Endangered).

A third species of orangutan was announced in November, 2017. With no more than 800 individuals in existence, the Tapanuli orangutan is the most endangered of all great apes.

(https://www.worldwildlife.org/species/orangutan)

6. What is the text written for .....
a. To tell the readers about endangered animals
b. To persuade the readers to take care of urang utan
c. To explain about orang utans' life
d. To describe about orang utan in general


7. What males Bornean and Sumatran orang utan different?
a. Bornean orang utans have closer social bonds
b. Sumatran orang utans have longer facial hair
c. Sumatran orang utans are bigger than Bornean
d. Bornean orang utans are more endangered


8. What do orang utans like to eat?
a. Wild fruits
b. Grass
c. Leaves
d. Banana


9. Why do orang utans make nest in trees?
a. To move through branches
b. To live solitary
c. To sleep and rest
d. To collect their foods


10. "....the Tapanuli orangutan is the most ENDANGERED of all great apes."
The underlined word is closest in meaning to .....
a. Warning
b. Common
c. Protected
d. Threatened



Text for number 11-15

WHAT IS THE AURORA BOREALIS?

The Aurora is an incredible light show caused by collisions between electrically charged particles released from the sun that enter the earth’s atmosphere and collide with gases such as oxygen and nitrogen. The lights are seen around the magnetic poles of the northern and southern hemispheres.

Auroras that occur in the northern hemisphere are called ‘Aurora Borealis’ or ‘northern lights’ and auroras that occur in the southern hempishere are called ‘Aurora Australis’ or ‘southern lights’.

Both Aurora’s can be seen in the northern or southern hemisphere, in an irregularly shaped oval centred over each magnetic pole. Scientists have learned that in most instances northern and southern auroras are mirror-like images that occur at the same time, with similar shapes and colours. Auroral displays can appear in many vivid colours, although green is the most common. Colours such as red, yellow, green, blue and violet are also seen occasionally. The auroras can appear in many forms, from small patches of light that appear out of nowhere to streamers, arcs, rippling curtains or shooting rays that light up the sky with an incredible glow.

Auroras are the result of collisions between gaseous particles (in the Earth’s atmosphere) with charged particles (released from the sun’s atmosphere). Variations in colour are due to the type of gas particles that are colliding. The most common aurora colour which is green, is produced by oxygen molecules located about 60 miles above the earth. The rarer red auroras are produced by high-altitude oxygen, at heights of up to 200 miles. Nitrogen produces blue or purple aurora.

(http://www.aurora-service.eu/aurora-school/aurora-borealis/)

11. Why did the writer write text?
a. To describe about Aurora in general
b. To inform readers about the meaning of Aurora
c. To explain how to see Aurora
d. To tell how Aurora is formed


12. What is the fourth paragraph about?
a. The explanation of Aurora
b. The place to see Aurora
c. The cause of Aurora
d. The shape of Aurora


13. What causes Aurora?
a. Collisions of temperature and light in the poles
b. The extreme temperature of the poles
c. Oxygen and nitrogen are collided 
d. Collisions between gaseous particles with charged particles


14. The text might be useful for ....
a. A biology researcher
b. Students who are interested in scince
c. Citizens in the poles
d. Travel bloggers who wants to visit the poles


15. "..... Auroras are the result of COLLISIONS between gaseous particles ....."
We can change the underlined word by .....
a. Failure
b. Crash
c. Touch
d. Effect



Text for number 16-18

As vintage vixen Marilyn Monroe sang, diamonds are a girl's best friend. They've come to symbolize the height of affluence and affection. Though the baubles have been in vogue only since the 1950s, these minerals have existed deep inside the Earth for billions of years. And while they aren't any rarer than rubies, emeralds or sapphires, diamonds' unique properties put them a cut above the rest.

Diamond is the most concentrated form of pure carbon in the natural world and the strongest mineral on Earth, far exceeding other carbon allotropes such as graphite and fullerite. The secret to diamond's superior strength is found on the molecular level. Carbon atoms possess four valence electrons available for bonding. In diamond crystals, each of those four free electrons forms a covalent bond with a valence electron of a neighboring carbon atom. Since all of the free electrons are bonded uniformly, it creates a rigid tetrahedral lattice that gives the coveted mineral its prized properties.

The organic process of diamond formation requires four key ingredients: carbon, pressure, heat and time. When it comes to heat and pressure, the specific conditions are at least 752 degrees Fahrenheit (400 degrees Celsius) and 434,113 pounds per square inch (30 kilobars). Prime diamond real estate is located about 100 miles (160 kilometers) underground in the Earth's mantle. There, diamonds have formed over billions of years from heated and pressurized carbon.

Hundreds of millions of years ago, eruptions of magma from the mantle propelled natural diamonds closer to the Earth's surface. The funnel-shaped areas carved out by the magma eruptions are called kimberlite pipes, named for the first formation discovered in Kimberley, South Africa. Gradually, the tops of the pipes eroded, exposing the diamonds below. Erosion can also carry diamonds from their original location into riverbeds and coastal lands. In its roughest form, diamond ore doesn't look like the shiny nuggets atop engagement rings. Diamonds must be sorted, cut and polished to bring out their luster.

(http://www.discovery.com/tv-shows/mythbusters/about-this-show/what-is-a-diamond/)

16. The text was written in order to .....
a. Explain about diamond
b. Show how diamond was formed
c. Describe about the discovery of diamond
d. Tell about the process of making diamond


17. Which paragraph tells you about how diamond come to  the earth's surface?
a. 1
b. 2
c. 3
d. 4


18. "Diamond is the most concentrated form of PURE carbon in the natural world and  ........"
What is the similar meaning of the underlined word?
a. Unnatural
b. Genuine
c. Artificial
d. Origin



Text for number 19-20

What is a landslide and what causes one?

A landslide is defined as the movement of a mass of rock, debris, or earth down a slope. Landslides are a type of "mass wasting," which denotes any down-slope movement of soil and rock under the direct influence of gravity. The term "landslide" encompasses five modes of slope movement: falls, topples, slides, spreads, and flows. These are further subdivided by the type of geologic material (bedrock, debris, or earth). Debris flows (commonly referred to as mud-flows or mudslides) and rock falls are examples of common landslide types.

Almost every landslide has multiple causes. Slope movement occurs when forces acting down-slope (mainly due to gravity) exceed the strength of the earth materials that compose the slope. Causes include factors that increase the effects of down-slope forces and factors that contribute to low or reduced strength. Landslides can be initiated in slopes already on the verge of movement by rainfall, snow-melt, changes in water level, stream erosion, changes in ground water, earthquakes, volcanic activity, disturbance by human activities, or any combination of these factors. Earthquake shaking and other factors can also induce landslides underwater. These landslides are called submarine landslides. Submarine landslides sometimes cause tsunamis that damage coastal areas. 

(https://www.usgs.gov/faqs/what-a-landslide-and-what-causes-one?qt-news_science_products=0#qt-news_science_products)

19. Which statement is TRUE about landslide?
a. Rockfalls are not the type of landslide
b. Underwater landslide cannot cause tsunami
c. Landslide is not dangerous for people
d. There are five modes of slope movement that included in the term landslide


20. What kind of of landslide causes tsunami?
a. Mudflows
b. Submarine landslide
c. Rockfalls
d. Debris flows

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