CONJUNCTION (Kata Penghubung)



Conjunction adalah kata penghubung. Fungsi dari kata penghubung itu sendiri ialah untuk menghubungkan suatu kata dengan kata yang lain, atau suatu kalimat dengan kalimat yang lain.

Beberapa contoh kata penghubung dalam Bahasa Inggris diantaranya:

And, as, but, before, after, if, whether, than, when, that, though, for, yet, why, unless, while, lest, etc.
Kata penghubung memiliki berbagai macam jenis dengan fungsi yang berbeda-beda, berikut merupakan beberapa jenis kata penghubung beserta fungsinya.



Phrase Conjunctions


Phrase conjunctions adalah frase penghubung. Sama halnya dengan kata penghubung yang berfungsi untuk menghubungkan dua buah kalimat atau lebih. Perbedaannya adalah frase penghubung sendiri terdiri dari beberapa kata, dan umumnya tidak digunakan untuk menghubungkan suatu kata dengan kata yang lain, tetapi digunakan untuk menghubungkan suatu kalimat dengan kalimat yang lain.


Contoh:

As soon as she hears her phone ringing she goes to hospital to see her child.


That dog won’t leave even if you throw it with a stone.


He always talks as if he knew everything.


I took every test so that I could graduate immediately.


The procedure they use is wrong as far as I know.


My house as well as my neighbor’s is destroyed by the flood.

The clouds turn back as though the storm is coming.



Coordinating Conjunctions


Coordinating conjunctions adalah jenis kata penghubung yang digunakan untuk menghubungkan suatu kalimat dengan kalimat yang lain, suatu klausa dengan klausa yang lain, atau suatu kata dengan kata yang lain yang memiliki kesetaraan.

Beberapa contoh Coordinating conjunctions adalah:

And, for, or, but, also, so, or, nor, yet, either . . . . or, neither . . . . nor.


Contoh dalam kalimat:

I’d like to order a burger and a glass of iced milk.


I need to choose between going to party or going to cinema.


I want to go to the party but my mom asks me to help her.


I go to school by bus, my neighbor also goes by bus.


She is not just smart, she is also kind to everyone.


I made this birthday cake for you.


She asked me to come for dinner.


He does push up every morning, he also does another exercise.


I am tired. Sheny is tired
menjadi
I am tired and so is Sheny. Atau I am tired and Sheny is too.


I like coffee. My sister likes coffee.
menjadi
Either I or my sister likes coffee.


I am not good at Math. Julie is not good at Math.

menjadi
Neither I nor Julie is not good at Math.


The event is not interesting, nor is it boring.


Ali nor Ahmad doesn’t know about new schedule.

I eat so many foods yet I don’t gain any weight.



Subordinating Conjunctions


Subordinating conjunctions adalah sebuah kata penghubung yang digunakan untuk menghubungkan dua buah klausa, yaitu dependent clause dengan independent clause atau disebut juga main clause.

Beberapa contoh kata penghubung subordinating conjunctions adalah:

if, how, while, whether, after, as, because, though, before, till, that, where, when, although, unless.


Contoh penggunaan dalam kalimat:

She was cry because her mom passed away.


I love the place where the grass is green.


If the sun shines, I will wash the laundry.


I hate the moment when people stare at me.


I will keep trying till I make it.


They will go camping while the weather is good.


She went to school though she was sick.


I finish my job although I am exhausted.


We can’t watch the concert unless we ask permission first.


Palestine is an Islamic country that I love very much.


I have breakfast after taking a bath.


As the sky turns grey I bring my umbrella.


We pray before we study.


I don’t know how to fix my computer.

He is always doubt whether He joins us or not.

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