PRESENT FUTURE TENSE (SMP): PENJELASAN DAN SOAL LATIHAN

TUJUAN


1. Siswa dapat memahami konsep Present Future Tense. 

2. Siswa dapat membuat kalimat menggunakan Pesent Future Tense.

MIND MAPPING


Dimensi Bahasa Inggris | Present Future Tense SMP: Penjelasan dan Soal Latihan

 

MATERI SINGKAT





Present Future Tense



Present Future Tense digunakan untuk menyatakan sesuatu yang akan terjadi di masa yang akan datang. Present Future dalam Bahasa Inggris mempunyai dua bentuk, yaitu yang menggunakan “will” dan “be going to”.

Meskipun keduanya dapat  digunakan dengan maksud yang sama, namun keduanya mempunyai makna yang berbeda. Perbedaanya mungkin sedikit membingungkan di awal, tetapi  kita akan tahu perbedaannya dengan jelas. Will dan Be going to digunakan untuk merujuk pada waktu tertentu di masa depan.




Menggunakan “Will” 

Present Future Tense yang menggunakan verb / Kalmat verbal

Kalimat positive

(+) Subject + WILL + Verb 1 + Object

contoh:

Juniel will go to Seoul tomorrow.


Kalimat negative

(-) Subject + WILL + NOT + Verb 1 + Object

contoh:

Juniel will not (won't) go to Seoul tomorrow.


Kalimat interrogative

(?) WILL + Subject + Verb 1 + Object?

contoh:

Will Juniel go to Seoul tomorrow?

contoh jawaban: Yes, She will. / No, She will not (won't).


Kalimat tanya WH Questions

(WH?) Question Word + WILL + Subject + Verb 1?

contoh:

When will she go to Seoul?

Who will come here?



Present Future Tense yang tidak menggunakan verb (non-verb) / Kalimat nominal

Kalimat positive

(+) Subject + WILL + be + Non Verb + Object

contoh:

He will be lonely.


Kalimat negative

(-) Subject + WILL + NOT + be + Non Verb + Object

contoh:

He will not (won't) be lonely.


Kalimat interrogative

(?) WILL + Subject + be + Non Verb + Object ?

contoh:

Will he be lonely?

contoh jawaban: Yes, he will. / No, he will not (won't).


Kalimat tanya WH Questions

(WH?) Question Word + WILL + Subject + be + Non Verb + Object ?

contoh:

When will he be in Bandung?

Why will you be here tomorrow night?



Menggunakan "Be Going to" 

Present Future Tense yang menggunakan "Be Going to" sama saja dengan menggunakan will.
Keduanya sama-sama bermakna akan. Perbedaannya hanya pada polanya saja.
Be going to menggunakan to be, sedangkan will tidak memerlukan to be.


Kalimat positive

(+) Subject + To be + going to + Verb 1 + Object

contoh:

You are going to fix my bicycle tomorrow.


Kalimat negative

(-) Subject + To be + Not + going to + Verb 1 + Object

contoh:

You are not going to fix my bicycle tomorrow.


Kalimat interrogative

(?) To be + Subject + going to + Verb 1 + Object ?

contoh:

Are you going to fix your tomorrow?

contoh jawaban: Yes I am. / No I am not.


Kalimat tanya WH Questions

(WH?) Question Word + To be + Subject + going to + verb 1 ?

contoh:

What are you going to fix?

Who is going to come here tomorrow?


Catatan:

Will dapat digunakan untuk keadaan berikut: 

1.   Menyatakan kegiatan yang sukarela akan dilakukan
Contoh: I will help you do the homework.


2.   Menyakatan janji
Contoh: I promise I will keep quiet about our secret.


Be going to dapat digunakan untuk keadaan berikut: 

3.   Menyatakan sesuatu yang sudah direncanakan
Contoh:

We are going to meet at Taylor Swift concert tomorrow
 
4.   Menyatakan prediksi akan sesuatu yang mungkin terjadi
Will dan be going to sama-sama dapat digunakan untuk menyatakan prediksi atau terkaan akan sesuatu yang mungkin terjadi di masa depan.

Contoh:

She will be a popular actress.

She is going to be a popular actress.



Kata Keterangan waktu yang dapat digunakan pada Simple Future Tense: 

Tomorrow, tomorrow morning, tomorrow night, next week, next year and so on.



LATIHAN SOAL


Change these sentences into Positive, Negative, and Interrogative form!

1.  (+)  My father will buy a new cell phone.
     (-) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
     (?) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .




2.  (+) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
     (-) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
     (?) Will she remember me?




3.  (+) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
      (-) I will not study in Japan next year.
      (?) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .


4.  (+) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
     (-) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
     (?) Will you give me some money?




5.  (+) We will visit our teacher's house.
     (-) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
     (?) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .



6.  (+) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
     (-) I will not build a new house.
     (?) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .




7.  (+) Rani is going to make a delicious dish for dinner tonight.
     (-) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
     (?) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .




8.  (+) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
     (-) She is not going to spend her vacation in Lombok.
     (?) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .




9.  (+) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
     (-) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
     (?) Are you going to have an exam?




10.  (+) They are going to go backpacking to Mexico.
       (-) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
       (?) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .



Fill in the blank uses “will” or “going to”!

11.   We              have an English exam tomorrow morning. I have to study all night. 



12.   __________ you open the window, please? It's hot here in.



13.   Linda              go to Manila for student exchange.



14.   Waiter : What would you like to eat, sir?

  Man    : I _________ have cream pasta, please.



15.  She has a big stomach because she ______ have a baby.



16.   I don't think my parents ___________ give me permission to go to the school trip.



17.   Can you tell me your secret? I swear I __________ tell it to anybody.



18.   The scientist says some animals              extinct soon.



19.   Don't worry about the Math homework. I _________ help you.



20.   Who do you think ______________ win the Taekwondo tournament? 




Arrange these words into a good sentence.


21.   will -  for – My father – the – pay - fee



22.    later – meet – I – you - will



23.   secret – our – about – him – tell – will – not - I



24.   at - 7:00 PM - will - Mark - finish - the - work



25.   tonight - dinner - cook - for - will - she



26.   marry - will – I -you



27.   around - travel - Java Island - will - we



28.   an - car - she - buy - expensive - will



29.   a lot of - I - get - money - will



30.   to - Medan - Sonya - will - go


Create your own sentences using “will” or “going to” You can tell about your plan, your agenda or what will you do tomorrow with your friends.

example:

I will go to cinema tomorrow.
My friend is going to treat me a lunch next Tuesday.

31.   ________________________________



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39.   ________________________________



40.   ________________________________




 

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