Jenis Recount Text: Pengalaman Pribadi Dan Biografi

Jenis Recount Text: Pengalaman Pribadi Dan Biografi


Hidup adalah serangkaian berbagai pengalaman yang kita alami.
Tidak mungkin seseorang tidak pernah mengalami pengalaman apapun dalam hidupnya. Kita belajar dan tumbuh setelah melalui berbagai macam pengalaman. Apapun pengalaman yang terjadi, baik ataupun buruk, keduanya memberikan input pada diri kita dan membentuk kepribadian kita.
Bahkan ada pepatah yang mengatakan Pengalaman adalah guru terbaik.


Pengalaman merupakan salah satu hal yang berharga dalam hidup kita, karena tidak semua orang akan mengalami hal tertentu seperti halnya pengalaman pergi ke tempat yang menakjubkan di luar negeri, tidak semua orang memiliki kesempatan untuk merasakan hal itu.
Atau pengalaman yang tidak menyenangkan seperti digigit ular beracun, tidak ada yang mau mengalami hal seperti itu, tapi tetap saja hal tersebut adalah sesuatu yang berharga karena kita dapat mengambil pelajaran dari pengalaman orang lain yang seperti itu tanpa harus ikut merasakannya.

Setelah sedikit prakata di atas tentang pengalaman, mungkin kalian semua sudah menyadari kemana arah pembicaraan ini.
Yup, kita akan membahas cara berbagi pengalaman melalui sebuah tulisan.
Saat kita ingin berbagi pengalaman dengan orang lain melalui sebuah tulisan, kita dapat menggunakan jenis teks Recount.
Untuk lebih jelas tentang recount text, berikut penjelasan lengkapnya.


Function of Recount Text

Recount text sendiri adalah jenis teks yang menceritakan sebuah peristiwa atau kejadian yang telah dialami oleh seseorang dengan tujuan untuk menghibur pendengar atau pembaca.


Generic Structure

Generic structure adalah struktur teks yang membentuk teks itu sendiri.
Recount text memiliki tiga bagian dalam strukturnya, berikut bagian-bagian tersebut.

Orientation

Orientation adalah bagian dari teks yang menceritakan setting waktu dan tempat dari kejadian.
Pada bagian orientation kita juga memperkenalkan tokoh yang telibat dalam kejadian.

Events

Events adalah bagian dimana kita menceritakan kejadian yang terjadi.
Events bisa terdiri dari beberapa bagian tergantung dari kejadian yang terjadi.

Re-orientation

Bagian ini adalah bagian akhir sekaligus penutup dari cerita.
Bagian ini juga bersifat optional, kita dapat menambahkan atau tidak menyertakan bagian ini.
Biasanya re-orientation berisi tentang komentar dari penulis mengenai kejadian yang telah terjadi.


Language Feature

Language feature dapat diartikan sebagai ciri kebahasan dari sebuah teks.
Kita dapat memahami bagian ini sebagai bentuk tenses yang digunakan dalam teks yang dibuat.
Tenses yang digunakan untuk Recount text sendiri adalah Past Tense.
Hal tersebut sesuai dengan fungsi dari recount text itu sendiri yaitu untuk menceritakan kejadian yang telah berlalu.

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Setelah kita mengetahui structure serta ciri dari recount text, selanjutnya kita akan mempelajari bentuk recount text melalui contoh berikut.
Recount text memiliki dua jenis yaitu recount text yang menceritakan pengalaman pribadi dan recount text yang menceritakan perjalanan hidup seseorang tokoh terkenal.
Jenis recount text yang kedua dikenal juga sebagai biography. 

Berikut kedua contoh jenis recount text tersebut.

DBI | Recount Text


Inside Out Sleeping Bag

[orientation]
I and two of my friends Habib and Daryl planned to go camping at semester holiday.
That was Daryl's idea, because I never went camping before, but I was excited because I never did it before so I decided to join them.
We went to camp site on Saturday, we planned to camp for three days.

[events]
After we arrived at the camp site, we built our tent and so far everything ran well.
We had a good time together. In the night we set a bonfire. We played guitar around the bonfire and sang a song together. That was really fun.
After the night got late, we decided to go sleep. Habib and Daryl went sleep first. I was still preparing my sleeping bag, and that was my first time using sleeping bag. After I opened the zipper and I slept in the sleeping bag and I slept.

In the night I woke up because it was really hot, so I decided to take my shirt off then back to sleep. After few minutes it still felt hot so I took my singlet off then I tried to sleep.
I couldn't sleep after that. In fact, I still felt hot. I didn't understand why. I looked around to see Habib and Daryl. They were sleeping under the blanket. It didn't make any sense for me, why they used the blanket while I felt so hot and couldn't even sleep because of that.

I was too tired to figure it out. All I wanted was sleeping at that time. I took my pants off so I could feel little bit cool. I only wore shorts and tried back to sleep.
Although it still felt hot but it was better than before so finally I could sleep for few hours.

[re-orientation]
The following morning we woke up. Daryl and Habib went swimming at the river. I still felt so sleepy because I was sleepless but I decided to woke up and join Habib and Daryl in the river.
After finished swimming we back to our tent. I asked Daryl and Habib did they feel hot last night?
They said no, in fact last night was cold. I didn't understand so I told them that I felt so hot all night long.

Then they asked what I used to sleep? I said I used sleeping bag.
Daryl checked my sleeping bag and said there was no wrong about my sleeping bag, the only wrong was me.
He said I used my sleeping bag wrong way. I used the outside part of my sleeping bag that has thick part as an inside part, and the inside part that had soft part was at the outside. That's why I felt hot all night long.
Daryl and Habib laughed at me, they said I needed to learn a lot from them.





The Early Life of Barack Obama

[Orientation]
Barack Obama was born on August 4, 1961 in Honolulu Hawaii. His father was a Kenyan named Barack Obama, Sr (Senior). His mother was a White American named Ann Dunham. His parents separated when he was two years old and later divorced. His father returned to Kenya and saw him only once more before he died in an automobile accident in 1982.

[Events]
After the divorce, Obama's mother then married an Indonesian, Lolo Soentoro. The family then moved to his stepfather's home country in 1967. Obama attended local schools in Jakarta until he was ten years old.

Obama returned to Honolulu in 1971. He lived with his maternal grandparents until his graduation from high school in 1979. After that, Obama moved to Los Angeles and studied at Occidental College for two years. He then transferred to Columbia University in New York City.

[Re-oritentation]
Obama entered Harvard Law School in late 1988. He was selected as an editor of the law review based on his grade and writing competition. In 1990, he became the first Black president of the Harvard Law Review. He graduated with J.D. magna cum laude from Harvard in 1989.

taken from: www.en.wikipedia.org



Itulah penjelasan singkat tentang recount text.

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Semoga bermanfaat.

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